September 5, 2017
Leaders and members of the Men’s League for Woman Suffrage appear in force in Greater Gotham, Mike Wallace’s prodigious new compendium of the creation, consolidation, and conglomeration of New York into an “imperial city” from 1898 to 1920. I reviewed the book for the Fall 2017 issue of The American Scholar, which appeared today. The League’s main figures all find place in Wallace’s narrative, though often for the many other ways they figured in the creation of the mega-city. Among the League members Wallace mentions are Oswald Garrison Villard, editor and publisher of the Nation and the New York Evening Post; the investor and philanthropist George Foster Peabody; the philosopher and Columbia professor, John Dewey; the attorney Samuel Untermyer; Rabbi Samuel S. Wise; and the writer and eventual editor of the Masses, Max Eastman, who was Dewey’s student in the philosophy department at Columbia.
Wallace’s paragraph about the League misstates somewhat the way the League came about, anointing Eastman with credit via the influence of Dewey, rather than attributing it to Villard, to whom it should go. This is what Wallace writes:
Actually, Villard proposed the idea to the Rev. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, who was the president of NAWSA, the National American Woman Suffrage Association. After expressing some reluctance, she agreed. Villard then engaged Wise and Dewey as his co-conspirators, and it’s likely that Dewey tapped Eastman to be the League’s hired secretary. Eastman needed money. Eastman, with Villard’s help, recruited Peabody.
Eastman acknowledges Villard’s key role in this League origins essay he wrote for the October 1912 issue of The Woman Voter. He notes also that he too had the idea for such a League at about the same time.
Wallace, however, does provide a good A-list of other important League members who have place for other reasons in the city’s rapid-fire transformation. (Untermyer is major.) There are references to C.C. Burlingham, William Dean Howells, Paul Kellogg, William Jay Schieffelin, Edward Devine, and Ernest Poole, among many others. Of the dozen or more Columbia professors involved—the Ivy League schools all had collegiate chapters—he mentions Charles Beard, Henry Seager, and Joel Springarn. Vladimir Simkhovitch was another important one in League annals.
The Suffragents won the Gold Medal in US History in the 2018 Independent Publisher Book Awards competition.
National History Day contestants: Please read this.
Upcoming in 2018: April 22: Nassau County Historical Society at the Jericho Public Library. April 29: St. George’s School Women’s Leadership Group May 12: East Hampton Library’s Tom Twomey Series (interviewing NY Times media columnist, Jim Rutenberg) May 20: Women’s Suffrage and NYC: A Centennial Celebration Symposium: Bronx Historical Society and Woodlawn Cemetery June 14: Roosevelt Island Historical Society. July 7 East Hampton Library’s Tom Twomey Series (hosting with Sara Davison the garden author and expert Charlotte M. Frieze) : August 4: Shelter Island Historical Society.